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The rare, interesting and unusual words thread
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Shaker
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PostPosted: Thu Nov 12, 2009 1:55 am    Post subject: The rare, interesting and unusual words thread  Reply with quote

OK word fans, you'll like this, I hope.

The idea is that you post any rare, odd, unusual, little-known and little-used word of your choice. It doesn't have to be an English word but should at least belong to English usage, even if it is rare. Whoever provides a definition then provides another similar word of their own, and so on and so on.

I'll kick us off with: calque.
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Andrew L
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PostPosted: Thu Nov 12, 2009 8:43 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

It's a type of loan.

discombobulation
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Shaker
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PostPosted: Thu Nov 12, 2009 11:26 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Andrew L wrote:
It's a type of loan.

Ooooooh, tricky! Yes it is - but a linguistic loan, not a financial one!

Quote:
In linguistics, a calque or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word or root-for-root translation.

For example, the common English phrase "flea market" is a phrase calque that literally translates the French "marché aux puces".

Going in the other direction, from English to French, provides an example of how a compound word may be calqued by first breaking it down into its component roots. The French "gratte-ciel" is a word-coinage inspired by the model of the English "skyscraper" — "gratter" literally translates as "to scrape", and "ciel" translates as "sky".


Quote:
discombobulation


Embarrassed confusion.

Next one: celeripedian.
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Shaker
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PostPosted: Wed Dec 02, 2009 11:10 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Oh. My idea went down like a dose of clap in a convent, then  

Oh well ... if anybody else feels like having a go, here's another: rantipole.

And be warned: I'm hoping to get the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary at long last for Christmas, so I'll be back  
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LornaDoone40
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PostPosted: Sat Dec 05, 2009 5:20 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

rantipole - means roving or rakish.

Phrontistery
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Shaker
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PostPosted: Sun Dec 06, 2009 12:42 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

The (now obsolete) pseudoscience which aims to reveal personality and character by feeling the normal lumps, bumps and curves on the skull.

Dandiprat.
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LornaDoone40
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PostPosted: Mon Dec 07, 2009 3:05 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Can mean either the encouragement of rebellion or the application of warm liquid to the body.

Jactancy
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Lexilogio
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PostPosted: Mon Dec 07, 2009 7:40 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Quinquagesima


The Sunday before Ash Wednesday

Obstrilligate
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LornaDoone40
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PostPosted: Mon Dec 07, 2009 7:58 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

That's a tough one.

Could find no reference to it in my online obscure word dictionary, but did find this which included this:

Harulse:[standing in front of Strayway, looking a bit lost about where the front door is.] "Ye currently ruriculous visitors, I bid thee, obstrilligate not my invitation, instead, with great impigrity, grant me admission! "

So from the context I would infer that it would mean to obstruct in some way.
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LornaDoone40
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PostPosted: Mon Dec 07, 2009 8:04 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Almost forgot, next word:

Tallage


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